The Lord’s Prayer

Our Father, who art in heaven,
hallowed be Thy name
Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread
and forgive us our trespasses
as we forgive those who trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil.

This prayer is based upon Matthew 6.

After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen. For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

The “missing phrase” of “For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever” was likely a marginal note on earlier manuscripts of Matthew and not part of Matthew’s original text. The phrase was probably spoken by early Christians as part of a worshipful reading of the prayer, therefore someone wrote them in the margin so that they would be remembered. Copyists copied the words in such a way that the phrase appeared in following manuscripts as part of the text, no longer set in the margin. The addition or deletion of the phrase does not alter the significance of the prayer, and the phrase is in agreement with the message of Scripture. There is nothing wrong with saying it or not saying it.

There are some similarities to a Hebrew hymn, the Qadish.

May the great Name of God be exalted and sanctified, throughout the world, which he has created according to his will. May his Kingship be established in your lifetime and in your days, and in the lifetime of the entire household of Israel, swiftly and in the near future; and say, Amen. May his great name be blessed, forever and ever. Blessed, praised,  glorified, exalted, extolled, honored, elevated and lauded be the Name of the holy one, Blessed is He – above and beyond any blessings and hymns, Praises and consolations which are uttered in the world; and say Amen. May there be abundant peace from Heaven, and life, upon us and upon all Israel; and say, Amen.

He who makes peace in his high holy places, may he bring peace upon us, and upon all Israel; and say Amen.

Qadish קדיש means holiness or sanctification. This hymn exalts the holy Name and asks for peace. Therefore, the Qadish is used as a mourner’s prayer to demonstrate that grief and loss do not change the holiness of God and do not diminish God’s blessing upon us.