Category: Response

How Christians Use Conjuration

How Christians Use Conjuration

Should we accept as true anything that we hear, see, or experience without some type of godly analysis or evaluation? How should we perform such an analysis?Are we using Scripture as God intended?

Some Words to Consider

Conjuration – the performance of a supernatural act by means of a magic incantation or spell.

Incantation – the chanting or utterance of words employed as a magic spell.

Spell – magical words, influence or powers.

Magic – the power to influence the course of events by using mysterious or supernatural forces

Stopping Blood by Incantation

Years ago, I knew a woman that had grown up in the hills of Kentucky. She knew that I was a Christian minister. One day, she asked me, “What is that scripture that can stop blood?” I had no idea what she was asking me. “My mother used to speak a Bible verse over us if we had a cut, and it would stop blood. I wondered if you knew which verse that is.”


Later on I learned that she may have been looking for Ezekiel 16:6, It is referenced in the 1997 movie “The Apostle”. Robert Duvall plays the Pentecostal self-proclaimed-apostle E. F. ‘Sonny’ Dewey. In the opening scene, Dewey comes upon a bloody automobile accident, grabs his well-used Bible, runs to the wreck ahead of the sheriff, lifts his hands over the vehicle, and speaks over the driver and passenger,

And when I passed by thee, and saw thee polluted in thine own blood, I said unto thee when thou wast in thy blood, Live; yea, I said unto thee when thou wast in thy blood, Live.

Proof of God’s Approval

On a Christian forum, I found a statement that tells a lot about gullible Christians. The person posting the statement stated that she learned the incantation of Ezekiel 16:6 from her mother who learned it from her grandmother. The incantation supposedly must be made three times for it to work. The writer used the incantation to stop a nosebleed. She considered it a sign from God because it worked.

However, we need to pause and work out some critical thinking.

Magic or Miracles?

Christians must believe in supernatural events, also called miracles. A miracle is a divine preemptive action in the natural world. We believe in the existence of a supernatural Creator. We believe in the miraculous birth of Jesus Christ. We believe Jesus and the Apostles performed miraculous signs and wonders. We believe in the supernatural revelation of the 66 books of the Bible.

However, Christians should not unquestionably accept every mysterious event. Just because it sometimes comes up with an appropriate answer does not qualify Magic 8-ball as miraculous. Christians should also be skeptics, not dupable chumps. Christians should investigate the claims of a miracle.

Dr. Geisler, in his first volume of systematic theology, defines a miracle:

A miracle, then, is a divine intervention into, or an interruption of, the regular course of the world that produces a purposeful but unusual event that would not (or could not) have occurred otherwise.

Magic is the power to influence the events of life through mystical forces. Sometimes magic and illusion are the same thing, in which the illusion is just a natural deception, not a supernatural act.

However, the Bible teaches that there are demonic forces at work in the natural world as well.

 The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
[Second Thessalonians 29-10

A miracle accomplishes the purpose of God through the power of God. Magic is accomplished through either deception or a demonic power.

A miracle glorifies God. Magic is not limited to this scope. Magic may seem to credit God, but may also credit a fairy or a witch.

Since a miracle always brings glory to God, a miracle is always good. There is no such thing as an evil miracle or a black miracle. Magic does not have this limitation.

A miracle is always scriptural, always subject to the authority of Scripture, always reinforcing the truth of the Bible. Magic functions outside of the teaching of the Bible, sometimes in contradiction to the Bible.

The proof of God’s approval is not whether or not a miracle “worked”. The proof of God’s approval is that the miracle is scriptural.

Using Scripture as Intended by God

The Bible did not come from the will of man and therefore should not to be used as an incantation to perform the will of man.

 And so we have the prophetic word confirmed, which you do well to heed as a light that shines in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts; knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
[2 Peter 1:19-21]

The power of God’s Word is that it can transform our lives and empower us to live according to God’s will. It is an act of heresy to twist God’s Word for our own purposes:

Therefore, beloved, looking forward to these things, be diligent to be found by Him in peace, without spot and blameless; and consider that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation—as also our beloved brother Paul, according to the wisdom given to him, has written to you, as also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to understand, which untaught and unstable people twist to their own destruction, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures.
[2 Peter 3:14-16]

When we read God’s Word, it reveals the motives for our behavior.

 For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
[Hebrews 4:12]

Paul commands us to handle God’s Word responsibly, not as an ordinary book or some superstitious nonsense.

Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. But shun profane and idle babblings, for they will increase to more ungodliness.
[2 Timothy 2:15]

Scripture was intended for us to read and hear what God says, so that we might respond with obedient actions.

All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.
[2 Timothy 3:16]

We are to memorize Scripture, apply it, and live it out.

Therefore lay aside all filthiness and overflow of wickedness, and receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.
But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.
[James 1:21,22]


Using Scripture to Perform Magic

Scripture can be abused if it is used with false motives or selfish intent. Even Satan quoted the Bible. He quoted from Psalm 91 when he tempted Jesus Christ in Luke chapter four.

“If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here. For it is written:
‘He shall give His angels charge over you, to keep you,’
‘In their hands they shall bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone.’”
And Jesus answered and said to him, “It has been said, ‘You shall not tempt the Lord your God.’ ”

It does not sanctify a magical incantation when you use a Scripture to stop blood or for any other conjuration. The Bible is not a book of magic spells and good luck charms.

Incantation and conjuring are pagan practices associated with spell-casting and witchcraft. Sadly, some Christians have adopted pagan superstitious practices. Scripture is not for incantations, speaking words over objects or people to manipulate them.

Don’t have anything to do with pagan practices. Distance yourself from superstition and magic.

Instead, read God’s Word. Hear the Word. Memorize it. Preach it. Live it.



How to Find Irrefutable Evidence for God

How to Find Irrefutable Evidence for God

The death and resurrection of Jesus Christ are inseparable from the promise of the Holy Spirit.

The Apostle Paul was transformed by both the cross and Pentecost together.

  • Ananias was sent to Saul so he would be filled with the Holy Spirit.
  • Ananias laid his hands upon Saul.
  • Saul experienced something supernatural as Ananias touched him.
  • Saul was healed, received his sight.

And Ananias went his way and entered the house; and laying his hands on him he said, “Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus, who appeared to you on the road as you came, has sent me that you may receive your sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit.” Immediately there fell from his eyes something like scales, and he received his sight at once; and he arose and was baptized.
So when he had received food, he was strengthened. Then Saul spent some days with the disciples at Damascus.
Immediately he preached the Christ in the synagogues, that He is the Son of God.
~Acts 9:17-20

The evidence of the Holy Spirit’s power, the power that transformed Saul, the power that healed Saul, is entirely irrefutable. Saul’s doubts and prejudices were suddenly meaningless. He could not even argue with himself about the reality of who Jesus is.

God wants you to experience both the power of the cross and the power of the Holy Spirit.

How to Have a Holy Hallowe’en

How to Have a Holy Hallowe’en


The Hallowing of Hallowe’en

“In the carnival celebrations of All Hallows’ Eve our ancestors used the most powerful weapon in the human arsenal, the power of humor and ridicule to confront the power of death. The following day, in the commemoration of All Saints, we gave witness to the victory of incarnate goodness embodied in remarkable deeds and doers triumphing over the misanthropy of darkness and devils.”  [Sam Portraro, Brightest and Best : A Companion to the Lesser Feasts and Fasts, 1998:Cowley Publications]

A martyr is a person who dies for his or her faith. A martyr chooses death rather than deny faith in Jesus Christ. (In recent years, there has been an increase of persecution and martyrdom of Christians. More Christians have died for their faith in the last century than in all previous centuries combined.) A large number of Christians were martyred in the first three centuries, especially under the Roman caesar/emperor, Diocletian.

At first, the anniversary of each martyr’s death was honored. Since there were so many Christians being murdered, it eventually became impractical to keep each of these holy days. A common day was selected to honor the deaths of all martyrs as well as the death of John the Baptist. The date was originally on the Sunday after Pentecost, later it was celebrated a week after Good Friday.

Later in Church history, the festival was changed to include all saints. In the late 700’s, Charlemagne adjusted the calendar and solemnized November 1 as a festival of all the saints.

“…but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct,  because it is written, “Be holy, for I am holy.” [First Peter 1:15,16]

The word “saint” is from Latin sanctus which means “holy” or “sanctified”. The New Testament teaches that all believers in Jesus Christ are made holy, or sanctified, and should live holy lives. Many modern churches honor All Saints Day as a day to reflect on those members, past or present, who have died and are with the Lord. It is similar to our American tradition of Decoration Day or Memorial Day.

The evening before the festival of all the saints was a time to prepare to honor the dead. The word “hallow” is from Middle English hallowen which means “to make holy” or “sanctify”.  It became known as “All Hallows’ Eve” or “Hallow Even” or “Hallowe’en”. Halloween means Holy Evening. It is a time of merriment and joking before the solemn days to follow. When Christianity spread through Europe, the festival picked up some of the games and harvest festival traditions of those people.

It is significant that Martin Luther chose this day, All Hallows’ Eve, October 31, 1517, to post his 95 Theses against indulgences on the door of the Castle Church of Wittenberg. At that time, indulgences were being sold by the church to remove the punishment of sins from those that were dead.

As time has passed, All Hallows’ Eve has evolved to include some non-biblical traditions, such as the veneration of saints or the placation of demonic spirits. Some people go so far as to celebrate it in honor of the devil instead of memorializing the deaths of those who believe in Jesus Christ.



Islam Is Not a Cult

Islam Is Not a Cult

A cult1 is a group that departs from the basic beliefs of Christianity yet claims to be Christian. The Jehovah’s Witnesses are a fine example of a cult. They claim to honor the God of the Bible and to follow the teachings of Jesus Christ, yet they have re-written the Bible to fit their own teachings, that is, the teachings of Charles Taze Russell, including Russell’s idea that Jesus was not God. Yet, in spite of all these fundamental changes, Jehovah’s Witnesses think they are Christians. They are not.

Islam is a major world religion, not a group claiming to be Christian. Therefore, Islam is not a cult… in the Christian sense of the word.


Sacred Books

Christianity and Islam own very different sets of scriptures.

Christianity is based upon the Holy Bible, especially the 27 books of the New Testament. The New Testament books were completed between 40 A.D. and 96 A.D. The authors were inspired by God to create a written record of His revelation. Those original manuscripts have been copied and circulated and translated into other languages with great accuracy.

Islam is based upon the Koran, a collection of revelations given by Allah to his archangel then given to Mohammed. Allah passed on his revelations in oral form. After his death, Islamic leaders sorted through the oral verses and chose which ones would be included in written form in the Koran.

Mohammed’s revelations started five centuries after the New Testament was completed. He died in 632 A.D. before making a written copy of his revelations but a few of his followers had memorized his recitations. Unfortunately, those followers were also vulnerable to death during battle and by natural causes. An influential Muslim named Umar realized that the original Qu’ran was being lost piece by piece. He insisted that whatever fragments existed should be collected into one book. A man named Zaid bin Thabit collected fragments and memorized recitations into a single collection. He decided what to include and exclude. This book was kept by the caliph Abu Bakr until his death and he was succeeded by Umar. Eventually, Zaid’s book was copied and distributed accompanied by an order to burn all other versions of the Qu’ran including the version by Abdullah bin Masud and another version by Ubayy bin Ka’b. In 1972, the remodeling of an ancient mosque in Yemen turned up a hidden collection of ancient variant manuscripts that had not been destroyed.


In 2004, the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR) advertised,

“Like Christians, Muslims respect and revere Jesus. Islam teaches that Jesus is one of the greatest of God’s prophets and messengers to humankind.”
“Like Christians, every day, over 1.3 billion Muslims strive to live by his teachings of love, peace and forgiveness. Those teachings, which have become universal values, remind us that all of us, Christians, Muslims, Jews, and all other have more in common than we think.”

The “Jesus” revered in the Koran is not the same Jesus of the New Testament. The Koran does borrow from the New Testament. It teaches that Jesus (Isa) was born of a virgin named Mary (Maryam2). It borrows from the Christian doctrine from John 1,  “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God,” and describes Isa as the word of Allah, but the word is not Allah. The Koran even borrows from I Corinthians 15 where Jesus Christ is called Adam because of His antithetical position to the original Adam.

Islam teaches that Isa is merely one of many great prophets. The Islamic Jesus had a book, the Injeel. Muslims believe that this book was the original revelation from God which was altered and adulterated until it became the New Testament. (…but the manuscripts for the New Testament pre-date Islam!)

The Islamic Jesus did not die for anyone’s sins. Islam teaches that God placed the likeness of Isa upon another man who was then crucified through mistaken identity.

The Koran says that Allah has no son… twelve times.

The Koran denies the possibility of the deity of Jesus Christ. Therefore:

Christians and Muslims do not worship the same God.

Mohammed was a false prophet.

The Koran is not from God.

Allah of the Koran is a false god.


1Some people confuse the word “cult” and “occult”. The occult is stuff like black magic. It means stuff that is secret, mystical, magical, supernatural. Just to make it blurrier, a cult may practice the occult.

2The Koran gets confused over the person of Mary. It says she is the wife of Imram (Amram, the father of Moses and Aaron). It also calls her the sister of Aaron… and that her special child is a girl, not a boy. There is also a story of three-year-old Mary being fed by angels in the Temple. This story was borrowed from the Protoevangelium (Infancy Gospel) of James, an gnostic book written in the second century. Mohammed may have mistakenly believed this non-biblical storybook contained historical facts.

Why do we celebrate Christmas on December 25?

Why do we celebrate Christmas on December 25?

Early Christians celebrated the Passion of Christ on April 6 (the solar equivalent of 14 Nisan). This Passion included the themes of the incarnation, atonement and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Scriptures indicate that the incarnation of Christ began with his conception (Luke 1:35). Therefore, Christ’s death coincides with his conception. If you accept the date of April 6 for the conception and add 38 weeks for a typical human gestation period and you will conclude with a hypothetical birth date for the week of December 25.

“Therefore, our Lord was conceived on the eighth of the kalends of April in the month of March, which is the day of the passion of the Lord and of his conception. For on the day that he was conceived on the same he suffered.” (translation from De solstitia et aequinoctia conceptionis et nativitatis domini nostri iesu christi et iohannis baptistae, a tract circulated among early churches)

In A.D. 243, the date of December 25 was proposed for the celebration of the nativity in De pascha computus. The Donatist schism took place in A.D. 311, and one point of contention regarded the date of December 25 for the nativity. This disagreement about that date documents the fact that such a date was well accepted by A.D. 300. In a document entitled the Chronograph of 354, December 25 is listed as “VIII kal. Ian. natus Christus in Betleem Iudee.”

In A.D. 274, the Roman emperor Aurelian established December 25 as the date for the Natalis solis invicti, the Roman festival of the winter solstice. He chose this specific date to advance his own religious agenda: merging the revived cult of Sol into the Christian monotheistic faith that was spreading throughout his empire, threatening to eclipse the old Roman religions.

[based upon Thomas J. Talley, The Origins of the Liturgical Year,  Liturgical Press; 2nd edition|January 1986]

Select Quotations While Reading John Lennox

Select Quotations While Reading John Lennox

“Even if they cannot be herded, cats in sufficient number can make a lot of noise and they cannot be ignored.” [Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion, p.27]

“Those considering atheism as a new doctrinal commitment, however, will not find plausible the alleviation of anxiety it is said to afford. If the great concern occasioned by atheism is God’s indignation, then given the very tentative way in which his inexistence has been affirmed, it might seem that atheists have drawn their worries prematurely to an end. Whatever its other benefits, atheism is not generally counted a position calculated to assuage the worst fears of mankind; and as the work of prominent atheists indicates, those who have stopped worrying have done so only because they have stopped thinking.” [David Berlinski, Fixed-Point Foundation,]

“I have stepped into the public arena in order to add my voice to those who are convinced that the New Atheism is not the automatic default position for all thinking people who hold science in high regard. [p.15]

“I am not an atheist so much as I am an antitheist; I not only maintain that all religions are versions of the same untruth, but I hold that the influence of churches, and the effect of religious belief is positively harmful.” [Christopher Hitchens, Letters to a Young Contrarian]

“Religion poisons everything.” [Christopher Hitchens, God is not Great, p.13]

“I think religion should be treated with ridicule, hatred, and contempt, and I claim that right.” [Christopher Hitchens, A Bitter Rift Divides Atheists, 2001 NPR Broadcast,]

“The world needs to wake up from the long nightmare of religion… Anything we scientists can do to weaken the hold of religion should be done, and may in fact be our greatest contribution to civilization.” [Steven Weinberg, remarks at Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival, 2006,]

“…the objective of the New Atheists is not simply to complete the process of secularization by banishing God from the universe; but it is to put something in place of God. And it is not simply that society should replace God with something else; it is that science should do so. Apparently no area of human thought or activity other than science is qualified to contribute anything useful. Science is king.” (p. 20)

“A fiction does not die, an illusion never passes away, a fairy tale does not refute itself… You cannot kill a breeze, a wind, a fragrance; you cannot kill a dream or an ambition. God, manufactured by mortals in their own quintessential image, exists only to make daily life bearable despite the path that every one of us treads toward extinction… We cannot assassinate or kill an illusion. In fact illusion is more likely to kill us – for God puts to death everything that stands up to him, beginning with reason, intelligence and the critical mind. All the rest follows in a chain reaction.” [Michel Onfray, In Defense of Atheism, pp. 12,13]

“…God is not to be regarded as an enemy of reason. After all, as Creator he is responsible for the very existence of the human mind; the biblical view is that human beings are the pinnacle of creation. They alone are created as rational beings in the image of God, capable of a relationship with God and given by him the capacity to understand the universe in which they live.

“Consistent with this, far from being anti-scientific, the Bible positively encourages science. It could be said that it gave science its initial mandate… According to Genesis, in the biological field it was God who initiated this process by telling humans to name the animals. Taxonomy thus got underway.” (p. 28)

“Again it was a theist, not an atheist, who had the idea that led to the current widely accepted Big Bang model of the origin of the universe. Georges Lemaitre (1894-1966), a Belgian priest and astronomer challenged the theory of an eternal universe that had held sway for centuries, and which even Einstein held at the time…” (p. 29)

“It is rather ironical that in the sixteenth century some people resisted advance in science because it seemed to threaten belief in God; whereas in the twentieth century scientific models of a beginning were resisted because they might increase the plausibility of belief in God.” (p. 30)

“In the majority of studies, religious involvement is correlated with well-being, happiness and life-satisfaction; hope and optimism; purpose and meaning in life; higher self-esteem; better adaptation to bereavement; greater social support and less loneliness; lower rates of depression and faster recovery from depression; lower rates of suicide and fewer positive attitudes toward suicide; less anxiety; less psychosis and fewer psychotic tendencies; lower rates of alcohol and drug use and abuse; less delinquency and criminal activity; greater marital stability and satisfaction… We concluded that for the vast majority of people the apparent benefits of devout religious belief and practice probably outweigh the risks” (p. 77) [Professor Andrew Sims citing the American Journal of Public Health‘s analysis of epidemiological studies on the psychological effects of religious belief. From Is Faith Delusion?: Why Religion is Good For Your Health, 2009]

How to Find God

How to Find God

God encourages open investigation:

And you will seek Me and find Me, when you search for Me with all your heart.
Jeremiah 29:13

Jesus Christ provides salvation:

Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved.
Acts 4:12

Jesus Christ claims to be the exclusive way to God:

Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”
John 14:6

If life is a wager, it is better to believe than not:

If God does not exist,
one will lose nothing by believing in him,
while if he does exist,
one will lose everything by not believing.
Blaise Pascal

Ockham’s razor points toward the simple explanation of God as the Source of all things:

Plurality should not be posited without necessity…
No plurality should be assumed unless it can be proved by reason, or
by experience, or by some infallible authority.”
Franciscan monk William of Ockham, THEIST, circ 1285-1349

The Bible is God’s Word and revelation of Himself to us:

And so we have the prophetic word confirmed, which you do well to heed as a light that shines in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts; knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
2 Peter 1:19-21

The True Living God can be known:

And there you will serve gods, the work of men’s hands, wood and stone, whic  neither see nor hear nor eat nor smell. But from there you will seek the LORD your God, and you will find Him if you seek Him with all your heart and with all your soul. When you are in distress, and all these things come upon you in the latter days, when you turn to the LORD your God and obey His voice.
Deuteronomy 4:28-30

God allows us to choose to follow Him:

“As for you, my son Solomon, know the God of your father, and serve Him with a loyal heart and with a willing mind; for the LORD searches all hearts and understands all the intent of the thoughts. If you seek Him, He will be found by you; but if you forsake Him, He will cast you off forever.
1 Chronicles 28:9

Was Jesus Resuscitated or Resurrected?

Was Jesus Resuscitated or Resurrected?

The resurrection of Jesus was not a resuscitation of his old body to die again. Jesus was transformed and translated into a powerful, permanent resurrection body that can never die, never get sick, never get old, never feel pain, never experience weakness. Those who trust in Christ will someday receive the same type of body.

Who created God?

Who created God?

If God was created, then He is not God.

The eternal God definitively cannot have a beginning. God, a spiritual being, created all material things… all matter, all molecules, all atoms, all things.

If some greater Creative Agent caused God, then that Creative Agent would be God.

“It is reasonable to ask who or what created the universe, but if the answer is God, then the question has merely been deflected to that of who created God. In this view it is accepted that some entity exists that needs no creator, and that entity is called God. This is known as the first-cause argument for the existence of God.” ~Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow in The Grand Design, page 172

The pot cannot create itself.

Something cannot come from nothing.

Anything that has a beginning must have a cause.

The material universe has a beginning, therefore everything in the material universe must necessarily have a cause.

It is reasonable to ask where the matter in the universe came from because matter had a beginning. The universe came into existence from something. It is reasonable to expect that a non-material agent from outside the material universe should be the cause of the universe. It is not reasonable to expect that the non-material eternally existent Cause from outside the universe should have a beginning like the things that He created.

God is not a created thing. God by definition is an eternal uncreated being without a beginning. God always was and always will be. He did not create Himself. He doesn’t need to come into existence. God exists without any need for a material source.

Therefore, the original question “who created God” turns into nonsense. It is in the same self-contradictory genre as “Can God make a rock so heavy that even He cannot lift it.” God does not perform nonsensically.

In my view, the existence of this limited universe makes no sense without the existence of the immeasurable transcendent Creator of the universe.

Why is Space So Big?

Why is Space So Big?

“The universe is a pretty big space. It’s bigger than anything anyone has ever dreamed of before. So, if it’s just us, seems like an awful waste of space, right?” Carl Sagan (Ellie Arroway)*

cookingDid Carl Sagan really believe that there is an objective or purpose or intention to the amount of space that exists? Was he pointing to a Higher Intelligence that values the conservation of matter?

I think he unintentionally did what is natural. We look at the universe and wonder, “Why?” Unfortunately, science is not designed to answer questions of faith. We will need to look to some other discipline for those questions.

“The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. Day after day they pour forth speech; night after night they reveal knowledge. They have no speech, they use no words; no sound is heard from them.” ‭‭Psalm‬ ‭19:1-3‬ ‭NIV‬‬

solar system

*The movie Contact, Eleanor Arroway quotes

(In Contact, based upon Sagan’s novel, the science vs. faith struggle is presented in an interesting way by Jodie Foster and Matthew McConaughey. The movie gives Foster’s character, Ellie, a reasonable anger toward God and faith, then places her in a place where her own personal subjective experiential observation contradicts her scientific opinion. Sagan mistakenly equates experience and revelation. However, it is an entertaining and thought-provoking film.)


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