Who created God?

If God was created, then He is not God.

The eternal God definitively cannot have a beginning. God, a spiritual being, created all material things… all matter, all molecules, all atoms, all things.

If some greater Creative Agent caused God, then that Creative Agent would be God.

“It is reasonable to ask who or what created the universe, but if the answer is God, then the question has merely been deflected to that of who created God. In this view it is accepted that some entity exists that needs no creator, and that entity is called God. This is known as the first-cause argument for the existence of God.” ~Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow in The Grand Design, page 172

The pot cannot create itself.

Something cannot come from nothing.

Anything that has a beginning must have a cause.

The material universe has a beginning, therefore everything in the material universe must necessarily have a cause.

It is reasonable to ask where the matter in the universe came from because matter had a beginning. The universe came into existence from something. It is reasonable to expect that a non-material agent from outside the material universe should be the cause of the universe. It is not reasonable to expect that the non-material eternally existent Cause from outside the universe should have a beginning like the things that He created.

God is not a created thing. God by definition is an eternal uncreated being without a beginning. God always was and always will be. He did not create Himself. He doesn’t need to come into existence. God exists without any need for a material source.

Therefore, the original question “who created God” turns into nonsense. It is in the same self-contradictory genre as “Can God make a rock so heavy that even He cannot lift it.” God does not perform nonsensically.

In my view, the existence of this limited universe makes no sense without the existence of the immeasurable transcendent Creator of the universe.

Dedicated servants who have faithfully served the Lord and our School.


Rev. Christine Gibson 1924-1955
Rev. Leonard Heroo 1960-1983
Rev. Mary Wilson 1983-1985
Rev. Benjamin Crandall 1985-2000
Rev. George Cope 2000-2005
Dr. Richard Lafferty 2006-Present (Interim)

Dean of Academics

Rev. Mary Wilson 1955-1981
Rev. Eleanor Brunetto 1981-1991
Rev. Patrick Gallagher 1991-present

Director of Admissions & Records

Miss Alice Chase 1924-1985
Rev. Patrick Gallagher 1985-1993
Rev. Jim Pierce 1993-1994
Rev. David Greeley 1994-1996
Rev. Steve Labocki 1996-1999
Mr. David Hodge 1999-2005
Ms. Helen Brouillette 2005-Present

Director of Finances (Treasurer)

Miss Alice Chace 1924-1985
Mr. Matthew Ropiecki 1985-2000
Rev. Terry Deffenbaugh 2000-2005
Rev. Shelby Pratt – 2005-Present

Dean of Students

Ms. Donna Jo Scruggs 1992-1995; 2000-present

Archived from zionalumni.com

2005 photograph of Buddy and Sylvia Hill and Corbin

The Lord’s Prayer

Our Father, who art in heaven,
hallowed be Thy name
Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread
and forgive us our trespasses
as we forgive those who trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil.

This prayer is based upon Matthew 6.

After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen. For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

The “missing phrase” of “For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever” was likely a marginal note on earlier manuscripts of Matthew and not part of Matthew’s original text. The phrase was probably spoken by early Christians as part of a worshipful reading of the prayer, therefore someone wrote them in the margin so that they would be remembered. Copyists copied the words in such a way that the phrase appeared in following manuscripts as part of the text, no longer set in the margin. The addition or deletion of the phrase does not alter the significance of the prayer, and the phrase is in agreement with the message of Scripture. There is nothing wrong with saying it or not saying it.

There are some similarities to a Hebrew hymn, the Qadish.

May the great Name of God be exalted and sanctified, throughout the world, which he has created according to his will. May his Kingship be established in your lifetime and in your days, and in the lifetime of the entire household of Israel, swiftly and in the near future; and say, Amen. May his great name be blessed, forever and ever. Blessed, praised,  glorified, exalted, extolled, honored, elevated and lauded be the Name of the holy one, Blessed is He – above and beyond any blessings and hymns, Praises and consolations which are uttered in the world; and say Amen. May there be abundant peace from Heaven, and life, upon us and upon all Israel; and say, Amen.

He who makes peace in his high holy places, may he bring peace upon us, and upon all Israel; and say Amen.

Qadish קדיש means holiness or sanctification. This hymn exalts the holy Name and asks for peace. Therefore, the Qadish is used as a mourner’s prayer to demonstrate that grief and loss do not change the holiness of God and do not diminish God’s blessing upon us.

The Nicene Creed

We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father; by whom all things were made;

Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, and was made man; he was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered, and was buried, and the third day he rose again, according to the Scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father; from thence he shall come again, with glory, to judge the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end.

And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped and glorified, who spoke by the prophets.

In one holy catholic and apostolic Church; we acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; we look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.

The above contemporary text is based upon the Nicene Creed.

Around A.D. 300, there was some effort to influence the early Church to shift away from the Apostolic view of the divinity of Christ. A presbyter, Arius of Alexandria (Egypt), was teaching that Christ was created by God the Father. In response to Arianism, the controversy named for Arius, 318 church leaders met for a council in A.D. 325 in Nicaea (northwestern Asia Minor).

During the debate, Arius spoke so forcefully against the divine nature of Christ that Nicholas, bishop of Myra in Lycia (southern Asia Minor), walked over and slapped Arius on the face. Nicholas was ejected from the council. However, the Council of Nicaea upheld the Apostolic teaching of the divinity of Christ, that He is equal to the Father God and not a created being.

Nicholas of Myra is remembered for his generosity to those in need, and he may be the original Saint Nicholas (Santa Claus).

The Nicene Creed is a product of that council.

We believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker of all things visible and invisible;

And in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten from the Father, only-begotten, that is, from the substance of the Father, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten not made, of one substance with the Father, through Whom all things came into being, things in heaven and things on earth, Who because of us men and because of our salvation came down, and became incarnate and became man, and suffered, and rose again on the third day, and ascended to the heavens, and will come to judge the living and dead,

And in the Holy Spirit.

But as for those who say, There was when He was not, and, Before being born He was not, and that He came into existence out of nothing, or who assert that the Son of God is of a different hypostasis or substance, or created, or is subject to alteration or change – these the Catholic and apostolic Church anathematizes.

65 years later at Constantinople, another church council, revised the creed, and it is know a the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed.

We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, the maker of heaven and earth, of things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the begotten of God the Father, the Only-begotten, that is of the substance of the Father.
God of God, Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten and not made; of the very same nature of the Father, by Whom all things came into being, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible.
Who for us humanity and for our salvation came down from heaven, was incarnate, became human, was born perfectly of the holy virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit.
By whom He took body, soul, and mind, and everything that is in man, truly and not in semblance.
He suffered, was crucified, was buried, rose again on the third day, ascended into heaven with the same body, [and] sat at the right hand of the Father.
He is to come with the same body and with the glory of the Father, to judge the living and the dead; of His kingdom there is no end.

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the uncreate and the perfect; Who spoke through the Law, the prophets, and the Gospels; Who came down upon the Jordan, preached through the apostles, and lived in the saints.

We believe also in only One, Universal, Apostolic, and Holy Church; in one baptism with repentance for the remission and forgiveness of sins; and in the resurrection of the dead, in the everlasting judgement of souls and bodies, in the Kingdom of Heaven and in the everlasting life.

The Apostles’ Creed

I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, And in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord, Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, Born of the Virgin Mary, Suffered under Pontius Pilate, Was crucified, dead, and buried. He descended into hell; The third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, And sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; The Holy Christian Church, the Communion of Saints; The Forgiveness of sins; The Resurrection of the body, And the Life everlasting. Amen.

This statement of faith does not claim to be written by the Apostles, rather it was written to preserve the faith of the Apostles. It is a concise summary of what the Apostles taught and believed. An early form dates back to A.D. 140. John, the last living Apostle of the Twelve, died 40 years prior.

It is connected with Acts 2:42.

And they were devoting themselves to the teaching of the apostles and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayers.

The Apostles’ Doctrine was a primary focus of the First Church and is expounded upon in the writings of the New Testament which were created during a time when the Twelve were living. Early Christians held to a Rule of Faith that was based upon the Apostles’ Doctrine which was a set of core beliefs that were never compromised.

We have used the word Christian in place of catholic for disambiguation. The word catholic means “global” and is broad enough to include all church groups including the Roman Catholic church.

This creed was preceded by an earlier one which is called The Old Roman Creed. 

I believe in God the Father almighty;
and in Christ Jesus His only Son, our Lord,
Who was born from the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary,
Who under Pontius Pilate was crucified and buried,
on the third day rose again from the dead,
ascended into heaven,
sits at the right hand of the Father,
whence he will come to judge the living and the dead;
and in the Holy Spirit,
the holy Church,
the remission of sins,
the resurrection of the flesh,
life everlasting.
[a]Elliot Ritzema and John D. Barry, “Apostles’ Creed,” ed. John D. Barry et al., The Lexham Bible Dictionary (Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2016).

Some scholars feel that “He descended into hell” is a later addition and not a necessary part of the creed, or that it should it should be corrected to something like “He went into the grave” so that the harrowing of hell is not supported in this creed.

See also The Nicene Creed.


Minor (Shorter) Doxology – Gloria Patri

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end.


As God’s glory was in the beginning, it is now and ever shall be undiminished.

Compare Scripture in Romans 16:25-27

Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was kept secret for long ages but has now been disclosed and through the prophetic writings has been made known to all nations, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith— to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.

Galatians 1:3-5

Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave himself for our sins in order to rescue us from the present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.

1 Timothy 1:17

Now to the King of the ages, immortal, invisible, to the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.

Hebrews 13:20-21

Now may the God of peace, who brought up from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, equip you with every good thing to do his will, carrying out in us what is pleasing before him through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory forever. Amen.

1 Peter 4:11

If anyone speaks, let it be as the oracles of God; if anyone serves, let it be as by the strength that God provides, so that in all things God will be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom is the glory and the power forever and ever. Amen.

This lesser doxology possibly dates back to A.D. 380 in Greek.

Δόξα Πατρὶ καὶ Υἱῷ καὶ Ἁγίῳ Πνεύματι,καὶ νῦν καὶ ἀεὶ καὶ εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. Ἀμήν.

Doxa Patri kai Uio kai Hagio Pneumati, kai nun kai aei kai eis tous aionas ton aionon. Amen

The Roman Rite version in Latin:

Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto, Sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen.


Aaronic Benediction – Priestly Blessing

May the Lord bless you and keep you!

May the Lord let his face shine upon you, and be gracious to you!

May the Lord look upon you kindly and give you peace!


“The Lord bless you and keep you; The Lord make His face shine upon you, And be gracious to you; The Lord lift up His countenance upon you, And give you peace.” [Numbers 6:24-26 NKJV]

One of the priestly duties was to bless the people in the Name of Yahweh (BeShem Yahweh).
Compare Deuteronomy 10:8, “At that time Yahweh set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to stand before Yahweh, to serve him and to bless the people in his name until this day.” and Deuteronomy 21:5a. “Then the priests, the descendants of Levi, shall come near, for Yahweh your God has chosen them to bless in the name of Yahweh…”

Therefore, Numbers 6:24-26 is known as the Aaronic Benediction or the Priestly Blessing.

These words are reflected also in Psalm 67:1,2 as “God be merciful to us and bless us, And cause His face to shine upon us.”

Some Christians use this prayer as a blessing upon children.